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Category Archives: 1881 Census

Ancestry Central launch Services for Family History and One Name Study Societies

As web site http://www.ancestrycentral.co.uk continues to develop, Ancestry Central have launched a number of opportunities for Family History and One Name Study Societies.
At Ancestry Central, we are committed to providing a platform for new collections of genealogical data and imagery for researchers worldwide and we invite Family History and One Name Study Societies to get involved by adding their listings to our directory pages and by contributing to collections on display.
Currently we aim to add more of our own collections, in particular of Headstones and Monuments as well as Church Images. Later we hope to include articles and images relating village history, wedding group photographs, old documents and maps. In fact , anything that is of genealogical interest and can be displayed in the current format of the web page.
A short presentation is available here .
For more information, please contact me


An experienced Researcher and Investigator (UK) offering specialist services to descendants of families originating in the United Kingdom. Offering a special emphasis on Lincolnshire, Yorkshire and Lancashire, I can research your ancestors from any region of England, Scotland and Wales providing all available personal details for your family tree. As well as being a member of the Society of Genealogists, I am also a member of several other UK based Family History Societies.
For more information Family Tree Services or any other Family History advice, please contact me. danny.billington

The Genealogist - UK census, BMDs and more online

 

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a job, a job , my kingdom for a job !!!!

Our language is changing almost every day and what means one thing today meant something completely different to our ancestors. Occupations are a great example of that , for example take a look at this list of 10:

Carrier – I always think this conjures up an image of Typhoid Mary when I see it but it is in fact a person who had some sort of transport (normally horse drawn) that enabled them to move goods from one place to another. As transport became heavier and it was hauled from place to place – this eventually became what we know today as ‘Haulier’
Cottager – is an interesting one because it is mostly used to mean an agricultural worker living in property provided by his employer but it also has another application, and was often used to describe a coal merchant who had reached a certain level of success and bought his own property , usually a cottage – hence the phrase.
Currier – sounds like a modern day version of Carrier or someone who works with spices but it is in fact a groomer of animals, one who pays particular attention to the coat – normally of a horse but was also applied to the preparation of animal skins and hides in the manufacturing of goods.
Fell Monger – today we use the phrase monger to express an occupation involved in sales or promotion; Fish , Scare or War Monger for example. Fell is an old Norse word that broadly means ‘of the mountain’ and a Fell Monger was typically a dealer in animal hides and skins (of wild animals).
Hawker – Simply a Peddler or street seller, who carried his wares with him. Often used as a term of abuse.
Husbandman – One of the logical ones I think, and today it is applied to animals mostly; animal Husbandry for example- animal care. In days gone by this would have been in area of great open space, a farm – husbandman is a word used to describe a farmer and since this was largely the domain of a man – the name ‘Husband’ has the same origins and it is another word deriving from the Norse language. Husbandman the name applied to a farmer, often dealing with animals.
Journeyman – there is a certain irony in this word, especially given that today’s training institutes measure the achievements of trainees in distance travelled. A journeyman was someone experienced in a certain occupation and who had served his time, and his apprenticeship – a Journeyman.
Wagonette Proprietor – at the turn of the 20th century as opportunities were presented to people and ownership of certain things and buildings was acquired– the word proprietor was applied to that ownership. In this case it meant the owner of a Wagonette, a small horse drawn carriage with seats facing sideways behind the driver – similar to the layout of a Tube Train – though clearly more hygienic !!!. These were mostly used to transport family mourners to a funeral.
Victualler – today we associate this phrase with the licensee of an establishment that sells alcoholic beverages. The term Victualler was used to describe a person who sold food and other items, even a grocer. Later in the Victorian era the name became synonymous with the provision of products to the Royal Navy.
Yeoman – is used to describe a farmer with a small landed estate, a minor land owner, one step down from ‘Gentry’ and one who is entitled to serve on Juries and vote on county issues.

If you need an answer about any occupation of the past, please email me.

For more information about how I can help you with your family search, please contact me


An experienced former Government Researcher and Investigator (UK) offering specialist services to descendants of families originating in the United Kingdom. Offering a special emphasis on Lincolnshire, Yorkshire and Lancashire, I can research your ancestors from any region of England, Scotland and Wales providing all available personal details for your family tree. As well as being a member of the Society of Genealogists, I am also a member of several other UK based Family History Societies.
For more information Family Tree Services or any other Family History advice, please contact me. danny.billington

 

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What information can we find for one family from one page of a Census ?

1881 Scredington Sample

Well how about 3 marriages, 2 agricultural labourers, a widow, a Coal merchant, a cordwainer, 4 siblings living apart, a widower, a nephew, a father in law, a mother in law, cousins, and several scholars ! Not to mention the uninhabited buildings.
A brief family study in a part of Scredington village in 1881 Lincolnshire.
Every census document tells us something of our ancestors; where they married ? what did they do ? where did they live ? who lived with them ? who no longer lives with them? where they were born ? but in the case of a village like Scredington in Lincolnshire, where, in 1881, the entire district Census consisted of only 11 pages and when the population was a mere 341, just one page can give you a lot of information :

Click on the image 1881 Scredington Sample to see a larger version.

Looking at the names Bailey and Bullock, this is what we discover:

1 James Bailey and wife Elizabeth:
James married Elizabeth Bullock of Wilsford in 1858.Wilsford and Scredington are small villages in Lincolnshire, they are just ten miles apart. Listed here in 1881, they live with their children; Francis, Sarah, Ann and John. Both James and his eldest son; Francis are Agricultural labourers.
2 Tom Bullock, Coal Merchant.
Tom is also born in Wilsford and sister of next door neighbour Elizabeth. Tom, at the time unmarried, lives with his mother Ann Bullock and sister Sarah Bullock. Nephew Thomas Bailey is staying with him too. From the census it is uncertain whether Elizabeth is his mother, but a check of the 1891 census confirms this.
3 Robert Handley, Cordwainer.
A Cordwainer is a maker of fine ‘soft’ leather shoes. Robert was married to Martha Ann Bailey, the daughter of Thomas Bailey. Mary Ann and James Bailey (1) are cousins. Mary Ann’s father Thomas is also present at this census. I have been able to confirm these connections by looking at previous census documents.
4. Samuel Bailey.
Living next door but one to the Handley’s is Samuel and his wife Mary Ann. Samuel is Martha Ann Bailey’s brother and James’s Bailey’s cousin. Mary Ann his wife was born a Bullock and is Tom, Elizabeth and Sarah’s sibling. Samuel Bailey is employed as an Agricultural labourer. Children; Effie and Tom are living with them.
So, here we have in just 3 dwellings in what would seem it’s entirety, the Bullock family of Tom, Sarah, Elizabeth, Mary Ann and mother Ann. As we know the marital status of each one of them, that will help us find future spouses and children if any.
To confirm this information is correct, I check some local business directories. The following year, local business directories confirm the same family and trades to still be in operation in the village.

Scredington Village

But what about the actual address?
In some of the Census records in this part of Lincolnshire, particularly in villages, the enumerators did not record street names, and this makes it difficult for descendents to establish an exact residence. However in this case we have a clue at (3), where the address given for the Handley family is the Old and New Parsonage. Finding this location will enable us to have a good idea where the others lived.
Looking up the address in Scredington, I discovered the Old Parsonage was on Church lane in 1881 and there was another land mark nearby, the Old Post Office. This information would now prove invaluable when visiting Scredington, where I could not only get information from the Monumental Inscriptions in the Church yard but also for the locations of these two former landmarks.
I wish all searches would be that easy !


An experienced former Government Researcher and Investigator (UK) offering specialist services to descendants of families originating in the United Kingdom. Offering a special emphasis on Lincolnshire, Yorkshire and Lancashire, I can research your ancestors from any region of England, Scotland and Wales providing all available personal details for your family tree. As well as being a member of the Society of Genealogists, I am also a member of several other UK based Family History Societies.
For more information Family Tree Services or any other Family History advice, please contact me. danny.billington

 

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All in a week’s work

Last week was another hectic one in the life of Ancestry Central with some time spent in London at the LMA researching British Citizens born abroad between 1836-1907 which will form part of my article for Family Tree Magazine’s November issue.
Aside from that I have been photographing more cemeteries, with the addition now of Monumental Stones from St Mary’s,Hemingbrough, Yorkshire , Air Street, Kingston Upon Hull, Yorkshire and Sculcoates North, also in Kingston Upon Hull, Yorkshire. These older cemeteries can be a challenge, as in some case, there is a deal of clearing to be done by removing and climbing through an amount of thorny undergrowth and not always with successful results. Great fun none the less. As yet, I am still not sure how I am going to display all of these but anyone wishing to contact me about them , please do so. In the meantime, a brief selection can be found here.

Additionally I have been researching 3 or 4 trees in the Lincolnshire, Lancashire and Yorkshire areas, exploring newspapers records, parish records and directories on behalf of my clients. Each one of them providing me with something interesting , which I have to say, is always the case. The work is so absorbing.
On a personal note , I have been researching Court Documents and Newspaper articles relating to one of my own ancestors. The tale of which I have since written up and submitted to a few select Family History Magazines for inclusion in their future issues. So fingers crossed.
All in a week’s work……..


An experienced former Government Researcher and Investigator (UK) offering specialist services to descendants of families originating in the United Kingdom. Offering a special emphasis on Lincolnshire, Yorkshire and Lancashire, I can research your ancestors from any region of England, Scotland and Wales providing all available personal details for your family tree. As well as being a member of the Society of Genealogists, I am also a member of several other UK based Family History Societies.
For more information Family Tree Services or any other Family History advice, please contact me. danny.billington

 

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Census Confusion in 1881

Census Confusion in 1881

1881 - A Night at the Pub !

The 1881 Census was a confusing one for George Taylor’s family, as can be seen by the transcript at ancestry.com. So confused are they, that George’s daughter; Rose Emma is transcribed as being the daughter of the next door neighbour (Anis Bank’s).

It reality, this family had far more Census ‘savvy’ that we credit our ancestors of 130 years ago.
George , a farmer, was married to the second of his four wife’s at that time, Susanna Palethorpe .

The Plough Inn Horbling

Susanna in her final years was being cared for by family in Spalding. At the precise time of the Census at number 8 High Street and by definition the ‘head’ was absent and those present listed in order.

In this case ‘Step Daughter’; Carrie Palethorpe is the Susanna’s daughter from her previous marriage.
George , meanwhile was enjoying the hospitality of his niece and husband, 50 metres away at the Plough Inn in Horbling.

To see full size images , click here

http://www.ancestrycentral.co.uk


An experienced former Government Researcher and Investigator (UK) offering specialist services to descendants of families originating in the United Kingdom. Offering a special emphasis on Lincolnshire, Yorkshire and Lancashire, I can research your ancestors from any region of England, Scotland and Wales providing all available personal details for your family tree. As well as being a member of the Society of Genealogists, I am also a member of several other UK based Family History Societies.
For more information Family Tree Services or any other Family History advice, please contact me; Skype. danny.billington

 

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